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Chó Phú Quốc Standards

I understand that the Vietnamese Kennel Association has had some challenges in determining the exact regulations regarding the standard of the Phu Quoc breed.
With the help of Google Translate I managed to find a document on their website ‘Phu Quoc: The Standard No. 001 / VN / 09.20.2009 of VKA‘ unfortunately it is written in Vietnamese, so I can’t read it. If anyone can read it, or provide an English version, please contact me so I can update this blog.

While waiting for final confirmation from the VKA, the following is based on the proposed standard, that is (was?) under consideration by the VKA.

Medium-sized dog with short hair forming a ridge along the back.
The body length to height ratio is nearly 1:1 at withers.
Muscles are well developed, and its anatomical structure is suitable for activities.

Length of body: Height at the withers = 11 : 1O
Depth of chest : Height at the withers = 1 : 2

Tough and active with excellent jumping ability. A loyal family dog.

Skull: The skull is flat between the ears but slightly rounded when seen from the side.
Forehead: Wrinkles when the dog is attentive.
Stop: Clearly defined, but moderate.

Nose: Black.
Nasal bridge: Straight and long.
Muzzle: Wedge-shaped, slightly shorter than skull.
Lips: Tight with good pigmentation.
Mouth: Black marking on the tongue.
Jaws: Upper and lower jaws are strong.
Teeth: White and strong with scissors bite.
Eyes: Medium size and almond shaped. The eye colour is dark brown. Amber eyes can be accepted. Eyelid and eye rims should be black.
Ears: Set on sides of the skull. Medium sized, triangular, inclining forward and firmly pricked. Not cropped.

Long, strong, muscular, slightly arched and holding head high.

Back: Strong and level.
Loin: Strong and well developed.
Croup: Moderately sloping.
Chest: Deep enough to reach the elbows. The ribs are well sprung, but not barrel-shaped.
Lower line: The belly is well tucked up.

Short, curved bow shape, very flexible.
The length of the tail does not extend beyond the hocks.
Rounded caudal peduncle thick, gradual tapering toward the tip.

Shoulder: Well laid back.
Forearm: Straight.
Pastern: Straight when seen from the front and very slightly sloping when seen from the side.
Feet: Fairly long, oval shaped, webbed feet
Nails: Black.

Thighs: Well developed with well bent stifles.
Hocks: Strong and well let down.
Rear Pastern: Straight and parallel when seen from the rear.
Feet: Fairly long, oval shaped, webbed feet.

Gentle, but steady and deliberate stride with no pitching nor rolling of the body.
Parallel tracking at normal speed. When viewed from the front, the forelegs move up and down in straight lines so that the shoulder, elbow and pastern joints are approximately in line with each other. When viewed from the rear, the stifle and hip joints are approximately in line. Movement in a straight line forward without throwing the feet in or out; thus enabling the stride to be long and drive powerful and deliberate. The overall appearance of the moving dog is one of smooth flowing and well balanced rhythm.

Soft, fine and tight.
Throat: no dewlap.

The ridge on the top region is formed by the hair growing in the opposite direction to the rest of the coat.
It should be clearly defined from other parts of the back.
There are various shapes and lengths of ridge, but must be symmetrical on either side of the backbone and within the width of the back.
Crowns or whirls at the head of the ridge are acceptable.

Hair: Short and smooth, no longer than 2 cm.
Color:

  • Solid color: red, black, and very light fawn.
  • Non-solid color:?

Ideal height at the withers: Dogs 50-55 cm (∼29.6-21.6 inches) Bitches 48-52 cm (∼18.8-20.4 inches) . There is a tolerance of ± 2 cm.

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

  • Any bite other than scissors bite.
  • Unbalanced ridge.
  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Dogs without ridge.
  • Long hair.

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Anatomical Features

2 thoughts on “Chó Phú Quốc Standards

  1. Eu sou biólogo brasileiro e me interesso bastante por cães, principalmente os ditos “primitivos”. A pouco menos e um mês, resgatei das ruas, uma cadela que identifiquei como uma Podengo Crioulo (brasileiro). Notei que o cão se enquadra bem nos padrões sugeridos para a raça. No entanto, verifiquei, que este cão quando em “modo de alerta”, apresenta uma linha de pelos, que vai da cabeça a ponta da cauda. Este fato me chamou a atenção e fiquei curioso a repeito deste carácter “primitivo”, apresentado por estes cães. Por favor, alguém poderia me instruir a este respeito?
    Muito obrigado,
    Bruno Xavier

    I am a Brazilian biologist and I am very interested in dogs, especially the so-called “primitives”. A little less and a month, I rescued from the streets, a dog that I identified as a Podengo Crioulo (Brazilian). I noticed that the dog fits well with the patterns suggested for the breed. However, I noticed that this dog when in “alert mode”, presents a line of hairs, which runs from head to tail tip. This fact caught my attention and I was curious to repeat this “primitive” character, presented by these dogs. Could someone please instruct me on this?
    Thank you very much,
    Bruno Xavier

    1. Hi Bruno,

      Thank you for your question.
      First thing first, I don’t speak Brazilian (or Portuguese) so I used Google translate to translate your post. The translation is inserted just below your original comment. Therefore, there is a chance that I don’t fully understand what you are asking?

      Anyway, here goes. -The “Ridgeback” breeds have a permanent ridge along the spine. The hair actually grows in the opposite direction. By permanent I mean the ridge is visible at all times, regardless of the mood or state of mind of the dog.

      The most current research suggests that the ridge mutation is autosomal dominant with complete penetrance.

      Given that the mutation originated in the wild (with the exception of Rhodesian Ridgeback) is can be expected that “spontaneous” mutation can occur in other dog breeds. Though it is theoretically possible, I have never seen proof of the mutation in any other dog than Thai Ridgeback, Phu Quoc, Rhodesian Ridgeback and the Cambodian Razorback. However, it is absolutely possible that you have come across a dog with the mutation.

      The mutation is closely related to Dermoid Sinus, I suggest you palpate your dog along the entire length of the spine. Feel for something like a narrow hollow tube ( feels like a strain of spagetti). If in doubt, consult a veterinarian or ridgeback breeder who is familiar with the procedure. Dermoid Sinus can be very serious if left undetected and untreated.

      I hope this answers your question?

      best,

      Hugo

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